(View exact match)snapCATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A purposeful break that was a step in the manufacture of a stone toolsnapped baseCATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A term used to describe points that have a part of the base intentionally removed or fractured off as part of the intentional design by the original knapper.
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behaviorist theoryCATEGORY: term
DEFINITION: Any theory that suggests that the archaeological record is really a snapshot of ancient behavior.burinSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: graver
DEFINITION: A specialized engraving tool with a chipped flint or stone shaft that is cut or ground diagonally downward to form a diamond-shaped point at the tip. The angle of the point affected the width and depth of the engraved lines. The shaft of the tool was fixed in a flat handle that could be held close to the working surface. A burin had a wide rounded end for bracing against the palm of the hand and the point was guided by thumb and forefinger. A blade or flake could be formed into any one of about 20 varieties of the tool. In its most characteristic form, the working tip is a narrow transverse edge formed by the intersection of two flake scars produced by striking at an angle to the main axis of the blade. Sometimes one facet is made by simply snapping the blade, or by truncating it with a steep retouch. Burins were used to carve or engrave softer materials such as antler, bone, ivory, metal, or wood. This tool was characteristic of the Upper Paleolithic (especially Magdalenian) in the Old World and of some Early Lithic and Mesolithic cultures of the New World.burin spallCATEGORY: lithics
DEFINITION: A small, relatively thick flake removed from a flake or blade using a snapped termination or previous burination scar as a platform.dagger-axSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: ko
DEFINITION: A bronze Chinese weapon in use from Shang Dynasty (c 1500 BC) to the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD). The earliest forms were broad and mounted at right angles to a wooden shaft through which the tang projected. Later forms had a slender blade which extended down the shaft at right angles to the main point to prevent it snapping.dressed stoneCATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: A building stone that has been shaped - either by flaking, pecking, groove-and-snapping, or grinding.groove-and-splinter techniqueCATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: An economical method of working bone, ivory, or antler developed during the Upper Palaeolithic. Two deep, parallel grooves are cut in the raw material and the splinter between them is snapped free to produce a blank for subsequent reworking.microburinSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: microburin technique
DEFINITION: A microlith produced by notching and snapping a blade; a small piece of stone snapped off of a microlith that is a byproduct of the manufacture of microliths. A blade is notched and then snapped off where the chipping has narrowed and weakened it. One piece becomes a microlithic tool, while the residue (the microburin) still shows traces of the original notch and fracture. Certain trapeze-shaped microliths were made from the central part of a double-notched blade, in which case both ends have the appearance of microburins. This procedure allowed the maker to obtain a strong head with a sharp point by breaking up flint blades after making a notch in them - a practice widespread in Mesolithic as means of manufacturing arrowheads. The name originates from the erroneous belief that these pieces were the same as burins.segmentation ruleCATEGORY: lithics
DEFINITION: A section of a snapped blade. A proximal segment is where it preserves the striking platform; a distal segment includes the distal end; and a medial segment lacks both ends.