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die stamp
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: An engraved stamp used to impress an image onto another object.
oculists' stamp
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Small rectangular tables of stone, Roman in date, with inscriptions neatly cut in retrograde on the sides for marking cakes of eye ointment with the author of its prescription.
potter's stamp
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A small block that the potter impresses into the base of a vessel he/she has made while still soft in order to give it a personalized mark. Some potter's stamps give the potter's name in the Latin or Greek alphabet; other stamps are so-called ?illiterate' and comprise only lines and signs. Especially common on Samian, Arretine, and Gallo-Belgic wares.
roller-stamping
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: rouletting
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A pottery technique in which a cylinder-shaped roller with an incised pattern is rolled over the surface of the vessel while it is leather-hard; a repeating pattern of the design on the roller is produced in 'negative'
seal stamp
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A piece of inscribed stone used to impress a symbol on wet pieces of clay or bitumen, used by administrators to keep track of goods.
stamp
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A tool that produces a mark on an object through the application of percussive force through the stamp.
stamp seal
CATEGORY: artifact; language
DEFINITION: A small, hard block that has a flat surface engraved with a design that can be transferred to soft clay or wax as a mark of ownership or authenticity. Stamp seals appear in Mesopotamia from the Halafian period in the fifth millennium BC, when they were used to impress ownership marks on lumps of clay which were then attached to goods. In the Bronze Age, it was differently shaped for different cultures: square in the Indus, round in the Persian Gulf (Barbar), and compartmented in central Asia (Bactrian). Stamp seals preceded cylinders and developed over a period of about 1,500 years until largely replaced by the cylinder in the 3rd millennium BC. Seals came into use before the invention of writing for the securing of property and the method was either to shape clay over the stopper or lid or to make a fastening with cord and place clay around the knot and then impress it with the seal. The sealing of written documents, mainly clay tablets and papyrus scrolls, became regularly established in the latter part of the 3rd millennium BC.
stamped decoration
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: stamping
CATEGORY: ceramics
DEFINITION: A technique of ornamentation on the soft clay of a pot by repeatedly impressing a simple design previously carved on a bone or wooden tool. Figured stamps were also used. Also refers to using an implement or paddle to impress designs on a ceramic surface.
stamping
CATEGORY: ceramics
DEFINITION: A kind of impression where a stamp, seal, or die especially made for the purpose, is used to displace pottery fabric near the surface of a plastic or nearly leather-hard vessel and create a pattern or design.

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