(View exact match)stoaSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: pl. stoae
DEFINITION: A classical Greek building with a long open colonnade, one- or two-story, for civil, religious, or commercial purpose. It essentially was a long, straight colonnade, with vertical wall (and sometimes rooms) behind and roof over. The colonnade is sometimes doubled, and a projecting wing may be added to either end. They are often found on the edge of an agora or a temenos. Several such buildings are in Athens, from about 650 BC onwards, such as the Stoa of Attalus and Stoa Poikile (c 460 BC). The popular Hellenistic and Roman philosophy of Stoicism takes its name from the Stoa Poikile.
Display More Results
DEFINITION: The temenos of the goddess Artemis Brauronia in Attica, Greece. There are remains of a Doric temple and stoa with dining rooms.agoraSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: pl. agorae
DEFINITION: In ancient Greek cities, an open space, serving as a commercial, political, religious, and social center. The word, first found in Homer, was applied by the Greeks of the 5th century BC in regard to this feature of their daily life. It was often a square or rectangle, surrounded by public and or sacred buildings and colonnades. The colonnades, sometimes containing shops (stoae) often enclosed the space, which was decorated with altars, fountains, statues, and trees. There were several kinds of agora, (1) archaic, where the colonnades and other buildings were not coordinated, and Athens is an example of this, (2) Ionic, more symmetrical, often combining colonnades to form either three sides of a rectangle or square, often with two or more courtyards, such as Miletus and Magnesia. In highly developed agora, like that of Athens, each trade or profession had its own quarter. It also served for theatrical and athletic performances until special buildings and places were made for those purposes. Under the Romans, it became a forum where one side was a vast basilica and the rest colonnades.tabernaCATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: Roman term for a room opening on to a street or on to a portico or stoa, used as a workshop or shop.temenosSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: pl. temenoi
DEFINITION: In Greek antiquity, the enclosure of a sanctuary, the holy ground belonging to the god and governed by special rules, or the sacred precinct at a cult center - containing the altar, temple, and other features. There might be numerous buildings for the main cult and a series of thesauroi, stoas, and dedications from worshippers. In Egyptian architecture, loosely applied to the area within the enclosure wall of a temple.