(View exact match)sun templeCATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: Religious building constructed by kings of the 5th Dynasty of Egypt for worshipping the sun god Re. They resemble the pyramid complexes of the same period, with valley temple and causeway leading to the Upper Temple. Six sun temples are known, but on those at Abusir and Abu Gurab have been found. Nyuserre, sixth king of the 5th dynasty is primarily known for his sun temple at Abu Gurab (Abu Jirab) in Lower Egypt. The temple plan, like that built by Userkaf (the first king of the 5th dynasty), consisted of a valley temple, causeway, gate, and temple court, which contained an obelisk (the symbol of Re) and an alabaster altar. Though impressive in size, Nyuserre's pyramid was exceeded both in height and in length by his sun temple, indicating the unusual prominence of the cult of Re during the 5th Dynasty.
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Abu GurabSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Abu Ghurob
DEFINITION: A site on the west bank of the Nile between Giza and Saqqara, originally called the Pyramid of Righa and containing the remains of a sun temple erected by the 5th Dynasty King Nyuserra (2445-2421 BC) whose pyramid is at Abusir just to the south. The building of a sun temple to Ra in addition to a royal pyramid complex was customary in the 5th Dynasty. Abu Gurah is the best preserved of the two surviving examples (Userkaf at Abusir is the other.). Reliefs from the temple were sent to museums in Germany but a number of them were destroyed during World War II.Abu SirSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Abusir
DEFINITION: An ancient site between Giza and Saqqara where several 5th Dynasty (c. 2494-2345 BC) kings built their pyramids, a sun temple, a number of mastaba tombs, and Late Period (747-332 BC) shaft tombs. The pyramids were poorly constructed; those of King Userkaf and King Neuserre have been excavated.Ty (c 2500 BC)SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Ti
DEFINITION: Fifth Dynasty official who was overseer of the pyramid complexes and sun temples of the rulers Neferirkara and Nyuserra at Abusir, as well as the sun temples of Sahura and Raneferef.