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Chelsea sword
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Early type of bronze sword found in southern Britain, having a leaf-shaped blade, flat section, and hilt tang. These were local copies of various imported weapons of Hallstatt A type from mainland Europe by Penard Period smiths.
Erbenheim sword
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Heavy bronze flange-hilted sword with a leaf-shaped blade for slashing rather than thrusting. Originating in the early urnfield traditions of central Europe, examples were exported to surrounding areas, some arriving in Britain, for example, in the Penard Phase of the later Bronze Age, the 12th century BC.
Gundlingen sword
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A type of bronze sword typical of the Hallstatt C period in central Europe with a long leaf-shaped blade, broad shallow butt and pommel tang. Examples were taken or traded out of their homeland area, some reaching Britain around 700 BC.
Hemigkofen sword
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A style of bronze sword with a leaf-shaped blade and flanged hilt developed in central Europe during the Hallstatt A period and traded to other parts of northern Europe. They appear in Britain, especially in the Thames Valley, during the Penard Phase.
Lambeth sword
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Type of late Bronze Age straight-sided bronze sword with a flat mid-section and rectangular hilt-tang found in southern Britain in the 12th and 11th centuries BC (Penard Phase). Local indigenous copies of the Rosnoën swords made in northern France.
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A broad design of sword used for cutting and slashing.
carp's tongue sword
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A type of bronze sword used in the Late Bronze Age in western Europe - mainly in northwest France and southern England - in the early 1st millennium BC. It had a broad slashing blade and a long projecting point for thrusting and a flange hilt.
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A weapon evolved from daggers in the bronze age, becoming longer and made with different kinds of grips. It was used for slashing and thrusting and has a broader blade than a rapier, plus a flanged hilt. Single-edged swords are rare and they are more often called sabers or falchions. Sword classifications are based on the form of the hilt and the shoulder. It was probably developed in Hungary and then spread to the Aegean, where it is found in shaft graves at Mycenae c 1650 BC, and the rest of Europe and western Asia. From then until the development of firearms it remained one of the main weapons of war.

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