(View exact match)talusCATEGORY: geology
DEFINITION: Rock fragments transported downslope by flowing water or falling off the cliff from which they were wedged by the ice and accumulating as angular debris at the base of steep slopes. A natural slope formed by the accumulation of rock debris.
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PergamumSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Pergamon
DEFINITION: Capital of a Hellenistic kingdom of the same name in Anatolia (Turkey) dating to 283-133 BC. The site is fine example of Hellenistic town planning with buildings terraced up to the palace and the acropolis. There was monumental planning and design and sculpture in baroque style culminating in frieze of Altar of Zeus. In 133 BC, Attalus III bequeathed his kingdom to Rome, who made it the province of Asia. The Attalid kings had invested much of their wealth in Pergamum, making it a center for literature, the arts, and the sciences; their library rivaled Alexandria with 200,000 volumes (many written on parchment). The Attalid dynasty fortress and palace stood on the peak of the hill, while the town itself occupied the lower slopes. Under the Roman Empire the city was situated on the plain below. In the Roman period there was extensive new building and rebuilding. Hadrian restyled the round, domed Temple of Asklepios and built a temple of Trajan.cave tombCATEGORY: feature
DEFINITION: A burial in a cave, a place of habitation and ritualistic practices such as cave art. The talus is the area just outside the cave.colluvialSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: colluvium
DEFINITION: A deposit resulting from soil erosion, usually at the foot of a slope and containing rock detritus or talus. At the bottom of slopes, soils lose their structure and become eroded due to clearance of forest, plowing, or cultivation. Colluvial material typically gathers in the dry valleys of chalklands and also at the foot of escarpments or valley sides.stoaSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: pl. stoae
DEFINITION: A classical Greek building with a long open colonnade, one- or two-story, for civil, religious, or commercial purpose. It essentially was a long, straight colonnade, with vertical wall (and sometimes rooms) behind and roof over. The colonnade is sometimes doubled, and a projecting wing may be added to either end. They are often found on the edge of an agora or a temenos. Several such buildings are in Athens, from about 650 BC onwards, such as the Stoa of Attalus and Stoa Poikile (c 460 BC). The popular Hellenistic and Roman philosophy of Stoicism takes its name from the Stoa Poikile.