(View exact match)StaroseljeSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Starosel'e
DEFINITION: Middle Palaeolithic rock shelter in the Crimea with artifacts (scrapers, bifacial foliates) and faunal remains (arctic fox, reindeer, wild ass). The skeleton of a child and bones of an adult are modern humans, which is problematic in relation to the dates of the artifacts and faunal remains.taroSYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: eddo, dasheen
DEFINITION: Large herbaceous plant of tropical Asian origin, rich in starch and a staple food in the Pacific Islands and Oceania. The tubers are consumed as cooked vegetable and made into puddings and breads, and also made into the Polynesian poi, a thin, pasty, highly digestible mass of fermented taro starch.
Display More Results
DEFINITION: The part of the continental shelf that connects Northeast Asia with present-day Alaska. These were the polar continental shelves that escaped glaciation during the ice ages but which were exposed during periods of low sea level, which facilitated migration of people to North America from Asia, and in the Laptev and East Siberian seas. When exposed at the time of the last glacial maximum, it was a large, flat, vegetated landmass. In 1993, investigations on the climatic interstadial of 11,000-12,000 years ago in Beringia (now submerged under the Bering Strait) and the way it provided for the peopling of the New World from Asia were reported. Traces of starch from an apparently domesticated variety of the taro plant on flint tools from the Solomon Islands suggested that conscious planting was being done in the Pacific as long ago as 28,000 years before the present.Halawa ValleyCATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: A valley on eastern Molokai, Hawaiian Islands, which has been the focus of intensive archaeological research. Major sites include one of the earliest Hawaiian settlements at the valley mouth (c 600-1200), and inside the valley are many irrigated taro terraces which document intensification of cultivation and perhaps political development at a late stage of Hawaiian prehistory (after 1500).Makaha ValleyCATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: An important valley on western Oahu, Hawaii, which has been the scene of intensive settlement archaeology to document cultural developments from 1100-1800 AD. There are agricultural terraces, habitation sites, and heiau. The valley contains well-preserved dry-land cultivation systems in its lower portion and wet taro terraces in its upper section for root crops.New CaledoniaCATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: A French overseas territory in the southwestern Pacific, the largest island of southwest Melanesia, with an Austronesian-speaking population and an archaeological record going back to Lapita settlement, about 1300 BC. The island is well known for its prehistoric and ethnographic systems of terraced wet taro cultivation, and also has the richest assemblage of rock-carvings in Oceania. Lapita, on the Foué Peninsula on New Caledonia island, is the type site for Lapita ware, which indicates an Austronesian presence in the area about 2000-1000 BC.