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bedding trench
CATEGORY: feature
DEFINITION: A trench or slot dug into the ground to receive the foundations of walls or into which timber is laid so wall posts can be inserted securely.
cross-sectional trenches
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: slot trenches
CATEGORY: technique
DEFINITION: A type of excavation in which a set of superimposed strata are cut across by deep trenches that expose the history of deposition.
robber trench
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: ghost wall
CATEGORY: feature
DEFINITION: A term used to describe a feature created by the robbing of its original filling material. In areas where stone or other building materials are scarce, or where a new structure is being built near one which is out of use, a monument's building materials may be plundered. The trench left is usually backfilled by the laborers who have 'robbed' out a wall either completely or of its facing stone. The trenches where the walls once stood and where the stone has been removed are called robber trenches or ghost walls. Archaeologists should be able to reconstruct a plan of the original structure from careful examination and recording of the robber trenches.
step trench
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: step-trenching, step trenching
CATEGORY: technique
DEFINITION: Excavation technique in which a series of stairlike cuts are made, often used to uncover sections of a deep deposit, such as a mound tell site.
trench
CATEGORY: term
DEFINITION: A long test pit.
trencher
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A shallow dish or plate used to serve main meals off or to serve sweetmeats, these usually being painted with devices and riddles.
trenching
CATEGORY: technique
DEFINITION: An excavation technique in which a site is penetrated with long, narrow trenches that reveal the vertical dimension of the area and to explore the horizontal dimension along one axis.
trial trench
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: sondage
CATEGORY: technique
DEFINITION: The digging of a pilot trench of a predetermined size to determine stratigraphic deposits.
vertical face trenching
CATEGORY: technique
DEFINITION: An excavation strategy in which archaeologists expose a vertical face from the ground surface to sterile soil before excavating individual strata across the length of the trench.

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