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DEFINITION: A site in Cordoba, northwestern Argentina, which has evidence of a transition from Big Game Hunting to a more specialized hunting and gathering economy. The assemblage contains crude, large bifacial willow-leaf projectile points, lithic hunting tools, and tool-making debris in association with manos and milling stones, dating between 8,000-12,000 years ago.
Ayampitin point
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Bifacially worked stone missile tips of willow-leaf outline found among archaic hunter-gatherer communities of the Peruvian highlands and coasts in 9000-7000 BC. Typical examples are 60-70mm long.
DEFINITION: A keyhole-shaped kofun (tumulus) in Saitama Prefecture, Japan. There are at least three other kofun by the same name in different parts of Japan. The one in Saitama has two moats around a mound. An X-ray examination revealed an inscription with 115 characters on an iron sword. It referred to a person called Wakatakeru, who is likely to be Emperatro Yuraku of the Yamato court, and a date of 471/531.
Munyama Cave
DEFINITION: A cave on Buvuma Island in Lake Victoria, Uganda, with a backed microlith industry extending back to c 15,000 BC. Small backed bladelets were the most common implements, with endscrapers and some geometrical backed microliths. Backed microliths industries of comparable antiquity are known in East Africa at Nasera, Lukenya Hill, and Matupi.
DEFINITION: Shell midden in Chiba prefecture, Japan, with pit-houses, human skeletons, and Middle and Late Jomon pottery. Radiocarbon dates of the 3rd millennium BC were given to the Jomon material.
DEFINITION: A polity of Japan known from Chinese chronicles, the "Wei chih" ("Weizhi") and "Houhanshu" thought to be either in northern Kyushu or in the Kinai district (central Honshu). The site of Yoshinogari is thought to be contemporaneous with the polity c 3rd century AD. The queen Himiko/Pimiko is the first known ruler of Japan and the supposed originator of the Grand Shrine of Ise still considered the most important Shinto sanctuary in Japan.
CATEGORY: culture; site
DEFINITION: The name of a former province in Nara Prefecture, Japan, an emergent state of the Kofun period (2nd-5th centuries AD). When the Tang administrative system of China was adopted in the late 7th century AD, Yamato was made into the Ritsuryo state. The old Yamato Province is rich in archaeological remains of the Yayoi, Kofun, and early historical periods. The period is commonly called the Tumulus, or Tomb, period from the presence of large burial mounds (kofun), its most common archaeological feature. It is from the very construction of the tombs themselves, from an examination of the grave goods, as well as from increasingly reliable written sources both domestic and foreign that a picture of the Yamato kingdom has emerged.
Yamnaya culture
CATEGORY: culture
DEFINITION: Late Neolithic culture of horizon of the lower Volga and Don steppes, regarded by some as the predecessor to the Corded Ware, Single Grave, or Kurgan culture.
DEFINITION: Cultivated tubers originally of Southeast Asia, West Africa, Melanesia, and New Guinea, also grown for food in the Americas. They were domesticated before 3000 BC. These plants occupy a vital place in the social and religious life of some African societies.

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